In Dr. Thomas P.M. Barnett's concept of the military-market nexus, he describes a pattern within globalization that can be identified in the experiences of entities of every type and size--individuals, national, organizational, corporate, etc. Understanding this nexus is important to supply chain strategists because supply chains are both comprised of these entities and impacted by these entities on a daily basis. On a regional level, understanding how this pattern has developed into the current successful and dynamic flow of trade across the Asia-Pacific allows us to project forward the necessary conditions for this to be enhanced and strengthened.
The "Ten Commandments of Globalization" are the key component to Dr. Barnett's military-market nexus concept, and describes the "seam between war and peace." They are as follows:
(1) Look for resources and ye shall find, but...
(2) No stability, no markets;
(3) No growth, no stability;
(4) No resources, no growth;
(5) No infrastructure, no resources;
(6) No money, no infrastructure;
(7) No rules, no money;
(8) No security, no rules;
(9) No Leviathan, no security; and
(10) No (American) will, no Leviathan.
These commandments possess an essence of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, the theory that aims to describe human nature, in the sense that there is a pattern describing evolutionary progress from one state of existence (no will) to another (established markets).
When delving further into each commandment in the context of maritime security and trade in the Asia-Pacific, it is best to resort to the "who, what, when, why, where and how" questioning approach. What we will find is that there are multiple actors involved in the evolution of globalization in the Asia-Pacific and that the quality of interaction, collaboration and coordination amongst these actors directly impacts the quality of the globalization process, and as a component of this process, the quality of supply chains.
A simple example to explain this would be the occurrence of "sweat shops," where breakdowns or insufficiencies in security of the population results in a breakdown or insufficiency in rules and so on. If you understand, as a supply chain strategist, where these breakdowns in following the commandments are most likely to occur in respect to the supply chains you manage, you can reasonably project forward into the future a number of scenarios which you may have to address. This analysis integrates with gathering supply chain intelligence to build a foundation for rigorous alternative scenario planning.
In this series of posts starting with this introduction, I will do the following:
- Explain Dr. Barnett's "Ten Commandments of Globalization" in the context of Asia-Pacific maritime security and trade
- Describe the current, key concerns supply chain managers have in regards to maritime security in the Asia-Pacific
- Summarize the potential "flashpoints" that would threaten maritime security and their potential impact on key supply chain nodes in the Asia-Pacific
- Comment on the role of security in existing cross-border, government-level discussions of logistics integration in Northeast Asia (China, Korea, and Japan).
- Speculate on the possibility of a formal, comprehensive maritime security regime coming to fruition in the Asia-Pacific
Despite the fact that I have no experience in the military, the military-market nexus is intriguing and of strong interest to me in the development of my supply chain knowledge. As a result, I look forward to the process of writing on these topics.